Fiji’s Black Sand Sigatoka National Park

Sigatoka Sand Dunes National Park

The Sigatoka Sand Dunes National Park is located on the southern end of Fiji’s largest island – Viti Levu. I was very intrigued with the prospect of an enormous empty beach. As a result, I planned our trip to Viti Levu with Sigatoka Sand Dunes as the focal point. Therefore, I rented a nice bungalow in Cuvu which is only a few kilometers away from the park entrance. Cuvu is also conveniently close to the town of Sigatoka.

Sigatoka Rugby Match

Don’t miss the world class rugby in Sigatoka.

History of Sigatoka Sand Dunes

Sigatoka Sand Dunes National Park was established in July 1989 and it was to be Fiji’s first national park. The black sands are of volcanic origin and they are sourced from the island’s volcanic interior by way of the Sigatoka River.

Additionally, it is common to find artifacts along the exposed ridges of the sand dunes. Some of relics discovered are up to 2600 years old. This includes not only ancient stone tools, pottery shards and utensils but also human remains. In fact, the location of the black sands is one of the largest burial sites in the Pacific. We did not discover any of these relics although we were also not looking for them.

Sigatoka Sand Dunes National Park Fiji

It is common to find ancient stone tools, pottery shards and even human bones along the sand ridge lines of Sigatoka. Although we were not looking for them and fortunately we did not discover any human skeletons.

Parabolic Sigatoka Sand Dunes

The Sigatoka Sand Dunes National Park covers a massive 650 hectares. Classified as parabolic by the experts, these ancient sand dunes are partly vegetated and they are found in coastal regions.

Although some speculate that the vegetation anchors the dunes, it is actually the moisture from the ocean. Additionally, these vegetated coastal areas form U-shaped sand dunes with convex noses, trailed by two long ridge lines.

The U-shaped nose faces away from the wind source. As a result, Sigatoka’s parabolic dunes face towards the north west away from the strong south easterlies which are constantly blowing. Also, there is a slip face on the back side of the park which is fun to run down after a day at the beach.

Parabolic Sand Dunes at Sigatoka National Park

In the distance you can almost make out the upside down U which is the classic formation of parabolic sand dunes. However, in the near background you can more easily spot the ends of the exposed ridge lines of their extended arms.

Sigatoka River Viti levu Fiji

In this photo facing SE, you can just make out the mouth of the Sigatoka River as it flows into the southern Pacific Ocean. The river is the source of the black sands which come from the volcanic interior of the island.

Sigatoka U-Shaped Parabilic Sand Dunes

Another photo revealing the mouth of the Sigatoka River in the distance. Additionally, closer in is the end of one of the long arms of the U-shaped parabolic dunes. It is the upside down V-shaped protrusion in the near background.

Sigatoka River

Another photo revealing the vastness of the Sigatoka Sand Dunes. Additionally, the Sigatoka River mouth is once again in the background.

Surfing at Sigatoka Sand Dunes National Park

The surfing at Sigatoka looks great on paper but after exploring the area I thought otherwise. Mainly, the beach is hammered pretty good with a constant cross wind. Additionally, the close proximity of the river mouth is classic shark attraction.

Otherwise, the empty beach should be very alluring and you will have it all to yourself. In fact, the whole area around the inside park is mostly deserted all of the time. I frequented the beach quite often and very rarely encountered other visitors.

Additional Photos:

Sigatoka Sand Dunes

This photo has the interior of Viti Levu Island as the backdrop.

Sigatoka Sand Dunes

Sigatoka Sand Dunes

Sigatoka Sand Dunes

Sigatoka Sand Dunes Viti Levu Fiji

 

Sources:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dune
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sigatoka_Sand_Dunes