Thaipusam Kavadi Attam Procession in Penang

Penang Thaipusam Kavadi Attam

Penang Thaipusam Golden Chariot

Thaipusam Festival Penang Malaysia

Penang, Malaysia is blessed with a large Tamil Indian population. As a result, an annual Penang Thaipusam celebration is dedicated to the Hindu God of War named Lord Murugan.

Lord Murugan is the embodiment of Shiva’s light and wisdom. Additionally, it was Lord Murugan who Shiva dispatched to defeat the army of evil demons (Asuras) at the behest of the Devas.

The Hindu God Lord Murugan is believed to be the vanquisher of evil. Therefore, devotees pray to him to overcome obstacles in their life and rid themselves of impurities.

Lord Murugan

Photo of Lord Murugan statue at Batu Caves in Gombak District in State of Selangor, Malaysia.

The Meaning of Thaipusam

Thaipusam can be broken down into two words. “Thai” is the Tamil month of January/February. Additionally, “Pusam” is the name of a star that is of great significance to Hindus. The date of the Thaipusam celebration is significant for several reasons.

Lord Murugan at Batu Caves in Selangor

Visit Batu Caves in Selangor

  1. Thaipusam is held when the star “Pusam” is at it’s highest point.
  2. This is the day that Parvati gave the spear “Vel” to Murugan to use against the demon army of Asuras.
  3. Some devotees believe that Thaipusam falls on Murugan’s birthday.

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Arulmigu Balathandayuthapani “Waterfall Temple”

There is a magnificent Hindu temple in Penang dedicated to Lord Murugan called Arulmigu Balathandayuthapani a.k.a. “Waterfall Temple”. The temple sits on the side of Penang Hill majestically looking over George Town, Penang.

Arulmigu Balathandayuthapani "Waterfall Temple"

View of the Arulmigu Balathandayuthapani “Waterfall Temple” from the Jalan Kabun Bunga during Thaipusam 2017. Visitors are welcome but there is a climb of 513 steps to reach the temple on the hillside.

Arulmigu Balathandayuthapani "Waterfall Temple"

View of Arulmigu Balathandayuthapani “Waterfall Temple” from the top of the stairs.

Penang Thaipusam Kavadi Attam

Kavadi Attam means “burden dance”. Therefore, Kavadi is a physical burden that is to be carried by the devotee and then offered to Lord Murugan at his temple. Additionally, the Kavadi can take different forms such as a pail of milk (paal kavadi), bodily skin piercings and also heavy physical loads. As a result, the kavadi can be significant weighing up to 100 kilograms.

Surprisingly, it is believed that the skin piercings leave no scars and there is no bleeding from the wounds. Additionally, if preformed properly it is believed that the Kavadi Attam puts the devotee into a trance. Therefore, they feel no pain and suffering.

If Lord Murugan hears their prayers and receives their sacrifice the devotees may receive his assistance to balance a spiritual debt. Additionally, Lord Murugan may be asked to help heal a loved one who has fallen ill.

Kavadi Preparations for Thaipusam

The preparations devotees make for the Thaipusam celebration begin a full 48 days in advance. They must cleanse themselves of all mental and physical impurities. Also, for the entire 48 days they take only one vegetarian meal per day and the last 24 hour period before they perform the attam requires a complete fast.

Additionally, there are several more elements of purification.

  1. Complete sexual abstinence
  2. No alcohol
  3. Vegetarian food only
  4. Constant prayer
  5. Transcendence of desire
  6. Bath in cold water
  7. Sleep on the floor

Kavadi Attam Thaipusam

Kavadi Attam Thaipusam Penang

For them I wish that Lord Murugan will be pleased and will therefore fulfill their prayers.

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